看板 SENIORHIGH 關於我們 聯絡資訊
Hi, everyone, I am Wes 一位英文家教 從學測到指考時間縮短了20分鐘,閱讀的速度就是一大關鍵 很多同學都反應時間不足的狀況,今天要和大家介紹如何快速閱讀 主要快速閱讀要掌握兩個技巧 skim 略讀scan 掃讀 skim是指略讀。目的為快速地看懂段落大意、掌握段落架構。 什麼時候要使用skim呢?當問題問的是段落結構、大意時,就能夠使用skim簡化訊 息,縮短閱讀時間,例如:考段落的purpose 題,全篇主旨等。 scan是指瀏覽、尋讀。目的為快速地找到特定資訊。 什麼時候要使用scan呢?當問題問的是特定資訊的答案時,就會使 用scan,例如:detail 題,purpose題,等。 注意:scan不需要讀每個句子,單純使用眼睛快速尋找相關的keyword,定位後再 讀懂該句即可。 今日教學重點在於scan 接下來我們來用實際題目來演練 (107指考 36題-40題) Born in 1785 in southwestern Germany, Baron Karl Drais was one of the most creative German inventors of the 19th century. The baron’s numerous inventions include, among others, the earliest typewriter, the meat grinder, a device to record piano music on paper, and two four-wheeled human-powered vehicles. But it was the running machine, the modern ancestor of the bicycle, that made him famous. The running machine, also called Draisine or hobby horse, was in effect a very primitive bicycle: it had no chains and was propelled by riders pushing off the ground with their feet. Though not a bike in the modern sense of the word, Drais’ invention marked the big bang for the bicycle’s development. It was the first vehicle with two wheels placed in line. The frame and wheels were made of wood; the steering already resembled a modern handlebar. Drais’ big democratic idea behind his invention was to find a muscle-powered replacement for the horses, which were expensive and consumed lots of food even when not in use. The machine, he believed, would allow large numbers of people faster movement than walking or riding in a coach Drais undertook his first documented ride on June 12, 1817, covering a distance of 13 kilometers in one hour. A few months later, Drais created a huge sensation when he rode 60 kilometers in four hours. These were later followed by a marketing trip to Paris, where the hobby horse quickly caught on. The fad also quickly spread to Britain. The success of the hobby horse was short-lived, though. They were heavy and difficult to ride. Safety was an issue, too: They lacked a brake, as well as cranks and pedals. There were frequent collisions with unsuspecting pedestrians, and after a few years Drais’ invention was banned in many European and American cities. Drais’ ideas, however, did not disappear entirely. Decades later, the machine was equipped by Frenchmen Pierre Lallement and Pierre Michaux with pedals to become the modern bicycle. 36. Why did Drais invent the running machine? (A) To prove his creativity as an inventor. (B) To protect the horses from being abused. (C) To provide a new gadget for the royal class. (D) To give the general public a better means of transportation. 這題我們看到why,問原因-屬於細節 因此判斷要用scan技巧 很清楚關鍵詞是invent 一路掃下來發現在第二段 Drais’s ….idea behind his invention was to find a replacement for the horses, which were expensive and consumed lots of food even when not in use. 發明是因為馬太貴以及消耗太多食物 (A)(B)(C)答案都不符合關鍵字 直接刪 ,答案選D 37. What does “marked the big bang” mean in the second paragraph? (A) Gave out huge noise. (B) Created serious disturbance. (C) Enjoyed wide popularity. (D) Represented groundbreaking work. 一樣看到關鍵字,閱讀前後各一句話來猜測語意 (通常會解釋或帶有提示) 後一句說 it was the first,帶有正面意味 唯有 (D)是正面 答案選 D 38. Which of the following descriptions is true about the running machine? (A) It was equipped with cranks and pedals. (B) Its wheels and frame were made of iron. (C) It had a brake to control the speed of its movement. (D) Its steering was similar to the handlebar of a modern bike. A定位到文章中,在第四段,不是講running machine, 細節在不同段 (錯段)把選項刪掉 B iron 文章根本沒有提及 iron這字 選項刪掉 C定位到文章中,第四段,不是講running machine, 細節在不同段 (錯段)把選項刪掉 答案選D 39. Why did the hobby horse fail to become a common vehicle in the 19th century? (A) It was expensive and not durable enough. (B) It did not go as fast as people had expected. (C) It was hard to control and dangerous to ride on the road. (D) It did not receive enough public attention in European cities. 題目中關鍵字 hobby horse fail 使用scan 定位到第四段 They are heavy and difficult to ride 和Safety... 與 C選項為同義轉換 下一篇 就會是介紹Skim 這個技巧! 接下來還會有一系列指考英文準備文章 大家有特別想看什麼主題 寫作/文法/或是閱讀/單字 可以在下面留言!你的疑難雜症都有可能被解決! Best regards, -- ※ 發信站: 批踢踢實業坊(ptt.cc), 來自: 60.245.65.132 ※ 文章網址: https://www.ptt.cc/bbs/SENIORHIGH/M.1552214118.A.6C5.html
ninefiveone: 雖然知道這些技巧但都會怕題目有陷阱 最後還是乖乖 03/10 18:45
ninefiveone: ㄧ行ㄧ行看QQ 03/10 18:45
Fanlic: 實用推 托福也是這樣教 03/10 18:48
Arszut: 跟一樓一樣 03/10 18:55
Arszut: 但推個 03/10 18:55
lintim79023: 補習班這樣教,可是自己寫題本的時候一旦被陷阱拐過 03/10 19:12
lintim79023: ,之後還是會乖乖一行一行看完,畢竟一題閱測分數是 03/10 19:12
lintim79023: 2,錯了很痛 03/10 19:12
ckscks178: 指考應該不至於有陷阱 比較可能的是亂出的題目 03/10 19:16
iComic: 英文有一定程度的情況下還是老實看完吧,畢竟不差那點時 03/10 19:36
iComic: 間,後續寫完檢查也比較有脈絡 03/10 19:36
gamania0515: ' '小發現 學測歷屆寫下來閱測題目順序跟段落有關 03/10 19:40
loris96083: 學測有順序 指考沒有qq 03/10 19:53
MEDsense: 我覺得這方法練習速度時可以用(習慣英文文章架構) 但 03/10 20:21
MEDsense: 是考試時候還是乖乖全看吧 我指考全部看還不是全對~ 03/10 20:21
Fanlic: 個人覺得這個至少可以練習刪掉兩個很廢的題目 指考沒大題 03/10 20:22
Fanlic: 四小題大概有兩個是可以無腦輸出的 這樣更能確保34小題的 03/10 20:22
Fanlic: 答對率 03/10 20:22
augustlin: 推個,拼時間的時候好用,但是不趕的話還是傾向一字一 03/10 20:28
augustlin: 字看 03/10 20:28
chevady1999: 推 好方法 受用無窮 03/10 21:16
Abyssalsquid: 跟一樓一樣,不過好文還是推 03/10 23:43
applejuicy: 跟一樓一樣 不過推你 03/11 00:29
greatthrow: 跟一樓一樣 不過推好方法 03/11 07:57
ninefiveone: 跟一樓一樣 不過推你好方法 03/11 09:02
zoe60440: 跟一樓一樣 只好想辦法練到可以整篇仔細看還要看超快哈 03/11 12:00
zoe60440: 哈哈 03/11 12:00
riinfe: 跟一樓一樣 還是推 03/11 23:57
blazing0217: 推好方法,但我還是乖乖一行一行看。 03/24 17:23